Pathology Facts and Figures

What is pathology? Pathology is the study of disease and is central to diagnoses made in the NHS. The work of pathologists and scientists is vital for efficient and effective healthcare. Working in hospitals and the community, pathologists and scientists are involved in preventing, diagnosing, treating and monitoring diseases to keep people as healthy as possible. 

Did you know?

  • 105 hospitals in England provide pathology services.
  • Hospital labs typically run over 1 billion tests per year at a cost of £2.2 billion.
  • Barts NHS Trust, the largest in the UK, undertake 26m tests a year.

Facts from NHS England

  • Around 95% of clinical pathways rely on patients having access to pathology services.
  • 500 million biochemistry and 130 million haematology tests are carried out per year.
  • 14 tests for each person in England and Wales are performed annually.
  • 300,000 tests are performed every working day.
  • 50 million reports are sent from labs to GPs every year.

Read the full report to find out more on the NHS England website.

Facts about pathology specialties